Pharmacognostical and Phytochemical Studies on Spondia pinnata Leaf

Mathew George*, Lincy Joseph


SpondiaS. pinnata (L.F.) Kurz belongs to the family Anacardiaceae. Present study carried to study the pharmacognostical and phytochemical characterestics of S. pinnata leaf. The standardization of the plant material (leaves of S. pinnata) was done and leaf constants like stomata number, stomatal index, vein islet number, vein termination number, palisade ratio was determined. Physical parameters like foreign matter, loss on drying, ash values and different extractive values were determined. The fresh leaves of S. pinnata were extracted with aqueous alcohol. The percentage yields were found to be 20.20%w/w. The extraction is done to determine the biological activity and phytochemical screening of extract. The preliminary phytochemical investigation revealed the presence of carbohydrates, alkaloids, glycosides, tannins and phenolic compounds and vitamin C. Also it had been seen that majority of the phytoconstituents were extracted in both water and ethanol extract of fresh leaves of S. pinnata. These constituents may be responsible for the reported pharmacological activities of this specific part of plant. 

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