Dryopteris austro-indica Fraser-Jenk. (Dryopteridaceae) - A South Indian endemic fern from montane forests of Wayanad district, Kerala

Mini Valasseri*, Anil Kumar N.


Dryopteris austro-indica Fraser-Jenk., an interesting south Indian endemic fern species of restricted occurrence belongs to the family Dryopteridaceae.  It is a threatened species narrowly distributed in south India and hitherto unknown to fern flora of Kerala. This fern is attractive for its magnificent fronds and well suited for growing in gardens as pot plants. A detailed taxonomic account of the species along with necessary photographs has been provided to facilitate easy identification of the species.


Dryopteris austro-indica; Kurichiyarmala; Chembra Peak; Wayanad.

Full Text:



Fraser Jenkins CR, A monograph of Dryopteris (Pteridophyta: Dryopteridaceae) in the Indian subcontinent, Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Bot.), 1989, 18 (5): 323-477.

Fraser-Jenkins CR, Endemics and Pseudo-Endemics in Relation to the Distribution Patterns of Indian Pteridophytes. Taiwania, 2008, 53(3): 264-292.

Kramer KU, Dryopteridaceae. In: Kramer KU, Green PS (eds.), the Families and Genera of Vascular Plants, I. Pteridophytes and Gymnosperms. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 1990, 101-144.

Leena KR, Madhusoodanan PV, Pteridophyte flora of Wayanad district, Kerala- A preliminary survey on ecology and distribution, J. Econ. Tax. Bot., 1998, 22: 149-155.

Manickam VS, Irudayaraj V, Pteridophyte flora of Western Ghats of South India, B.I. Publication, New Delhi, 1992.

Manickam VS, Fern flora of the Palni Hills (South India), today and tomorrow’s printers and publishers, New Delhi, 1986.

Maridass M, Raju G, Conservation status of Pteridophytes, Western Ghats, South India, I J B T, 2010, 1: 42-57.

Nair NC, Gosh SR, Bhargavan P, Fern- Allies and ferns of Kerala part III, J. Econ. Tax. Bot., 1992, 16(3): 501-550.

Nayar BK, Geevarghese KK, Fern Flora of Malabar, Indus publishing Company, New Delhi, India, 1993.

Theuerkauf WD, South Indian Pteridophytes- Ex situ Conservation, Indian Fern. J., 1993, 10:219-225.

Ebihara A, Fraser-Jenkins CR, Parris BS, Zhang XC, Yang YH, Chiou WL, Chang HM, Lindsay S, Middleton D, Kato M, Praptosuwiryo TN, Amoroso V, Barcelona JF, Rajapaksha RHG, Park C-H, Murakami N, Hoya A Rare and threatened pteridophytes of Asia 1. An enumeration of narrowly distributed taxa, Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B., 2012, 38(3):93–119.

Fraser Jenkins CR, Rare and Threatened Pteridophytes of Asia 2. Endangered Species of India the Higher IUCN Categories, 2012. Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci., Ser. B., 2012, 38(4):153–181.

Copyright (c) 2014 Annals of Plant Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.