Application of Distillery Effluent Irrigation to Agriculture Soil and Profiling of Biochemical Activity

Anupama Chaudhary*, Sharma A. K., Birbal Singh

Abstract


Anaerobically treated effluent produced from sugarcane-molasses based distillery is a rich source of organic compounds, complex minerals and nutrient ions. Disposal of treated distillery effluent to adjacent water bodies is a common practice, though its application to agriculture soil has received a substantial response in recent time. Modi distillery, located at Modinagar an area of western Uttar Pradesh in north India, being a major alcohol-processing unit with 26 KLPD production capacity discharges enormous effluent volume.  In this report, application of distillery effluent released from Modi distillery was analyzed on agriculture soil. Physio-chemical analysis of distillery effluent exhibited higher levels of dissolved organic and inorganic entities. Application of distillery effluent was measured in time-bound concentration-dependent strategies. Field experiments were designed under factorial scheme using randomized pot method. Further analysis revealed significant increase in physical, intrinsic soil properties and a higher soil microbial population in effluent treated soil in comparison to the untreated control. Existence of oxidized solids and produced acids lowered effluent pH and increased COD and BOD levels resulted in soil toxicity. Towards the management of such polluted compounds, biochemical and enzymatic activities of Bacillus cereus (JN700160), Bacillus sp. MH-I6 and Pseudomonas grimontii strains those were derived from distillery effluent and identified earlier through molecular characterization, were analyzed. Conclusively, present study represented an account of physio-chemical properties of distillery effluent irrigated agriculture soil that further complimented with profiling of biochemical activity of effluent degrading bacteria towards the improvisation of ferti-irrigation strategies in contemporary agriculture practice.

Keywords


Distillery Effluent; Physio-Chemical Analysis; Agriculture; Soil Profile; Irrigation.

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