Cover Image

Genetic variability studies in F2 and F3 generations of ridge gourd for yield and yield components [Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.]

Gautham Suresh S.P., Balamohan T.N.


Ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.) is the fruit of a sub-tropical vine that belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family and is native to central and eastern Asia, including the Indian subcontinent. In this study, four crosses of ridge gourd were evaluated in the F­2 generation and two crosses were advanced to F3 segregating generation for investigating the variability, heritability and genetic advance of ridge gourd. Among the crosses studied, L3xT1(Virudhunagar Local x Periyakottai Local) and L3xT2(Virudhunagar Local x Alathur  Local), exhibited superior per se performance in both F2 and F3 generations for almost all the yield contributing characters. The F­2 and F3 populations of cross L3xT1 and L3xT2 showed moderate to high PCV, GCV coupled with high heritability estimates and high genetic advance as percentage of mean for node to first male flower, node to first female flower, sex ratio, number of fruits per vine, fruit length, fruit diameter, rind thickness, flesh thickness, number of seeds per fruit and fruit yield per vine.


GCV, Genetic advance as percentage of mean, Heritability, PCV, Ridge gourd, Variability

Full Text:



Ananthan M, and Krishnamoorthy V. Genetic Variability, Correlation and Path Analysis in Ridge Gourd (Luffa acutangula (Roxb) L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6.6 (2017): 3022-3026. Print

Chakraborty L, Acharyya P, and Raychaudhuri S. Diversity analysis of Momordica charantia L. accessions from eastern and north eastern India based on morphological, yield related traits and molecular marker. Proceedings of FVHH, Thailand (2013): 179-193. Print

Chowdhury D, and Sharma K. Studies on variability, heritability, genetic advance and correlation in ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula Roxb.). Horticulture Journal, 15.3 (2002): 53-58. Print

Devi ND, and Mariappan S. Genetic variability, heritability and genetic advance for yield and its components snake gourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.). African Journal of Agricultural Research 8.28 (2013): 3857-3859. Print

Dey S, Behera T, Munshi A, and Bhatia R. Genetic variability, genetic advance and heritability in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.). Indian Agriculturist 53.1/2 (2009): 7-12. Print

Falconer DS. Introduction to quantitative genetics. Longman Harlow, 1981, 340. Print

Hanumegowda K, Shirol A, Mulge R, Shantappa T, and Prasadkumar. Correlation co-efficients studies in ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb). Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences 25.1 (2012): 196-200. Print

Johnson HW, Robinson H, and Comstock R. Estimates of Genetic and Environmental Variability in Soybeans, Agronomy journal 47.7 (1955): 314-318. Print

Kalloo G. Loofah: Luffa spp. In Genetic Improvement of Vegetable Crops. Elsevier, (1993): 265-266. Print

Kanimozhi R, Yassin GM, Kumar SR, Kanthaswamy V, and Thirumeni S. Genetic Analysis in Segregating Generation of Wax Gourd. International Journal of Vegetable Science 21.3 (2015): 281-296. Print.

Karthik D, Varalakshmi B, Kumar G, and Lakshmipathi N. Genetic Variability Studies of Ridge Gourd Advanced Inbred Lines (Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.). International Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience 5.6 (2017): 1223-1228. Online.

Khan AMR, Eyasmin R, Rashid MH, Ishtiaque S, and Chaki AK. Variability, heritability, character association, path analysis and morphological diversity in snake gourd. Agriculture and Natural Resources 50.6 (2016): 483-489. Print.

Koppad S, Chavan M, Hallur R, Rathod V, and Shantappa T. Variability and character association studies in ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula Roxb.) With reference to yield attributes. Journal of Global Biosciences 4.5 (2015): 2332-2342. Print.

Kumar S, Singh R, and Pal A. Genetic variability, heritability, genetic advance, correlation coefficient and path analysis in bottle gourd. Indian Journal of Horticulture 64.2 (2007): 163-168. Print.

Naik ML, and Prasad V. Studies on genetic divergence in pumpkin. Electronic Journal of Plant Breeding 6.4 (2015): 1088-1094. Online.

Narasannavar A, Gasti V, Shantappa T, Mulge R, Allolli T, and Thammaiah N. Heterosis studies in ridge gourd [Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.]. Global Journal of Horticulture 27.1 (2014): 2249-4626. Print.

Rabbani M, Naher M, and Hoque S. Variability, character association and diversity analysis of ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula Roxb.) genotypes of Bangladesh. SAARC Journal of Agriculture 10.2 (2014): 1-10. Print.

Rahman M, Hossain M, Islam M, Biswas D, and Ahiduzzaman M. Genetic variability, heritability and path analysis in snake gourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.). Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 5.3 (2002): 284-286. Print.

Rajawat K, and Collis J. Genetic variability, Heritability and Genetic advances analysis for quantitative and qualitative traits in Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 6.4 (2017): 882-885. Print.

Rakhi R, and Rajamony L. Variability, heritability and genetic advance in landraces of culinary melon (Cucumis melo L.). Journal of Tropical Agriculture 43 (2006): 79-82. Print.

Sampath S, and Krishnamoorthy V. Genetic Variability, Correlation and Path Analysis in Pumpkin (Cucurbita moschata Duch. ex. Poir). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6.6 (2017): 3027-3035. Print.

Sharma A, and Sengupta S. Genetic diversity, heritability and morphological characterization in bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (mol.) stand). The Bioscan 8.4 (2013): 1461-1465. Print.

Singh MK, Bhardwaj D, and Upadhyay D. Genetic architecture and association analysis in bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) landraces. The Bioscan 9.2 (2014): 707-711. Print.

Singh, RP, Mohan J, and Singh D. Studies on genetic variability and heritability in ridge gourd (Luffa acutangula L.). Agricultural Science Digest 22.4 (2002): 279-280. Print.

Ullah M, Hasan M, Chowdhury A, Saki A, and Rahman A. Genetic variability and correlation in exotic cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) varieties. Bangladesh Journal of Plant Breeding and Genetics 2.1 (2012): 17-23. Print.

Yadav YC, Sanjay K, Adesh K, Raghvendra S, and Rekha S. Path coefficient studies and character association in bottle gourd (Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.). Annals of Horticulture 3.1 (2010): 84-88. Print.


Copyright (c) 2018 Annals of Plant Sciences

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.